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World War II – Drama, Symbol, Trauma

24.10.2019 - 22.03.2020

In preparing an exhibition about World War II, we had no ambition to chart its history but rather to focus on some threads that have had the greatest impact on the Polish consciousness.

We start off with the Portents of War, a theme with an important message. World War II made us realise to what extent people can turn a deaf ear to forewarnings. This lesson remains topical. The next theme is the Sonderaktion Krakau. Using this codename, on 6 November 1939 the Nazi occupants arrested some 180 professors and lecturers from mainly the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. They were taken to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen. The Nazis aimed to destroy the intellectual elite and moral beacons in order to facilitate the subjugation of the defeated nation. Anti-Semitic propaganda also played an important part in this ruthless brainwashing. Here the Nazi initiative fell on fertile ground. In the section of the exhibition entitled Anti-Semitism, we show slogans and posters that aimed to fuel anti-Jewish sentiment. The next topic is The Life in the Ghettoes, depicting the most tragic predicament in the time of war, more dramatic even than incarceration in the concentration camp, since it is harder to witness – totally powerless – the suffering of one’s loved ones than being a victim oneself. An important thread in the exhibition is the Warsaw Uprising – a controversial feat of underground resistance, subject to continuing historic and emotional reinterpretation. Without a doubt, the most important and from the ethical point of view topical theme is The Holocaust. This greatest failure of European values is still open to an analysis that would bring an effective forewarning for the future. The final part of the exhibition is The Artist as a Witness to the Drama.

In the parts dealing with history, artworks are accompanied by documents as well as propaganda and literary materials. In the exhibition we present 39 artists. Many of the works come from the MOCAK Collection. The section related to Sonderaktion Krakau was prepared in collaboration with the Archive and Museum of the Jagiellonian University.

Venue:
level 0
Exhibition date:
24.10.2019 - 22.03.2020
Opening date:
24.10.2019 at 6 pm
Artists:
Ryszard Apte
Mirosław Bałka
Krzysztof M. Bednarski
Edward Dwurnik
Wojciech Fangor
Ewa Faryaszewska
Zbigniew Grzybowski
Eugeniusz Haneman
Władysław Hasior
Maria Hiszpańska-Neumann
Lukáš Houdek
Elżbieta Janicka
Maria Jarema
Jane Korman
Paweł Kowalewski
Sigalit Landau
Thomas Lange
Zbigniew Libera
Bronisław Linke
Zbigniew Łagocki
Stefan Mrożewski
Marek Oberländer
Zdzisław Pabisiak
Krystyna Piotrowska
Piotr Saul
Agata Siwek
Klaus Staeck
Witold Stelmachniewicz
Jonasz Stern
Władysław Strzemiński
Łukasz Surowiec
Józef Szajna
Alina Szapocznikow
Roman Tarkowski
Mieczysław Wątorski
Leon Wróblewski
Kazimierz Gustaw Zemła
Artur Żmijewski
Andrzej Żygadło
Curators:
Maria Anna Potocka, Martyna Sobczyk
Co-ordinator:
Mirosława Bałazy